Related Publications

HSC publications and presentations can be found here.


Articles and Reports

Belton, J. 2004. Red Alder- The Other Lumber Species. Northwest Woodlands 20(4):22-23.

Binkley, D. 2003. Seven decades of stand development in mixed and pure stands of conifers and nitrogen-fixing red alder. Can. J. For. Res. 33: 2274–2279.

Bormann, B.T., and J.C. Gordon. 1984. Stand density effects in young red alder plantations: productivity, photosynthate partitioning, and nitrogen fixation. Ecology 65:394-402.

Brown, K.R., and P.J. Courtin. 2003. Effects of phosphorus fertilization on the early growth of red alder plantations. B.C. Ministry of Forests. Extension Note 019.

Brown, K.R. 1999. First-year Growth Responses of Young Red Alder Stands to Fertilization. B.C. Ministry of Forests. Extension Note 36.

Carlton, G.C. 1988. Structure and development of red alder dominated communities in the Oregon coast Range. M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis. 173 p.

Chambers, C.J. 1974. Empirical Yield Tables for Predominantly Alder Stands in Western Washington. WA DNR Report 31.

Cole, E.C., and M. Newton. 1987. Fifth-year responses of Douglas-fir to crowding and nonconiferous competition. Can. J. For. Res. 17:181-186.

Cole, D.W., J. Compton, H.V. Miegroet, and P. Homann. 1989. Changes in soil properties and site productivity caused by red alder. Paper presented at the IUFRO Symposium: Management of Nutrition in Forests Under Stress. September 18-21. Freiberg, Germany.

Comeau, P., P. Fielder, and K. Thomas. 2007. Assessing the competitive effects of red alder on coastal conifer plantations. LINK 9(1):12-13.

Courtin, P.R. 1991. Selecting the best sites for growing red alder in southwestern B.C. B.C. Ministry of Forests. FRDA Research Memo 192.

Courtin, P.J., and K.R. Brown. 2001. The use of red alder to enhance Sitka spruce growth in the Queen Charlotte Islands. Forest Research Extension Note EN-008. Nanaimo, BC: British Columbia Ministry of Forests.

Courtin, P.R., K.R. Brown, and G.J. Harper. 2002. Red Alder management trials in the Vancouver Forest Region. B.C. Ministry of Forests. Extension Note 016.

Curtis, E.C., D. Bruce, and C. VanCoevering. 1968. Volume and Taper Tables for Red Alder. USFS PNW Forest and Range Experiment Center, Research Paper PNW-56.

D'Amato, A.W., and K.J. Puettmann. 2004. The relative dominance hypothesis explains interaction dynamics in mixed species Alnus rubra / Pseudotsuga menziesii stands. J. Ecol. 92: 450-463.

Deal, R.P., P.E. Hennon, E.H. Orlikowska, and D.V. D’Amore. 2004. Stand dynamics of mixed red alder-conifer forests of Southeast Alaska. Can. J. For. Res. 34:969-980.

Deal, R.P., E.H. Orlikowska, D.V. D’Amore, and P.E. Hennon. 2017. Red Alder- Conifer Stands in Alaska: An Example of Mixed Species Management to Enhance Structural and Biological Complexity. Forests 8:1-25.

DeBell, D.S., and C.A. Harrington. 2002. Density and rectangularity of planting influence 20-year growth and development of red alder. Can. J. For. Res. 32:1244-1253.

Franklin, J.F., and C.T. Dyrness. 1973. Natural Vegetation of Oregon and Washington. USFS. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-8. 216pps.

Haeusler, S. 1988. Germination and first-year survival of red alder seedlings in the central Coast Range of Oregon. M.S. thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis. 105 p.

Harrington, C. A. 1986. A Method of Site Quality Evaluation for Red Alder. USFS. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-192.

Harrington, C.A., and R.O. Curtis. 1986. Height growth and site index curves for red alder. USFS. Res. Paper PNW-358.

Harrington, C.A., and W.D. Devine. 2006. A Practical Guide to Oak Release. USFS. PNW-GTR-666.

Harrington, C.A., and R.O. Curtis. 1986. Height growth and site index curves for red alder. USFS. Res. Paper PNW-358.

Hurd, P.D., and D.S. DeBell. 2001. Growth and early stand development of intensely cultured red alder plantings. New Forests 21:71-87.

Lanner, R.M. 1985. On the insensitivity of height growth to spacing. For. Ecol. Mgnt. 13:143-148.

Lester, D.T., and D.S. DeBell. 1989. Geographic variation in red alder. USFS. Res. Paper PNW-RP-409.

Lipp, C.C. 1987. The effects of nutrient availability and relative size on growth, photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation in red alder. M.S. thesis. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.

MacFarlane, D.W., E.J. Green, and H.E. Burkhart. 2000. Population density influences assessment and application of site index. Can. J. For. Res. 30:1472-1475.

Nigh, G.D., and P.J. Courtin. 1998. Height models for red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.) in British Columbia. New Forests 16:59-70.

Resch, H, 1988. Red Alder: Opportunities for Better Utilization of a Resource. OSU Forest Research Laboratory, Special Publication 16.

Scott, W., R. Meade, R. Leon, D. Hyink, and R. Miller. 1998. Planting density and tree-size relations in coast Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 28(1): 74-78.

Skinner, E.C. 1959. Cubic volume tables for red alder and Sitka spruce. USFS PNW Forest and Range Experiment Center, Research Note 170.

Snell, J.A.K., and S.N. Little. 1983. Predicting crown weight and bole volume of five western hardwoods. USFS PNW Range and Experiment Station. GTR-PNW-151.

Thomas, K.J., G.J. Harper, P.G. Comeau, and P. Fielder. 2005. Effects of red alder on stand dynamics and nitrogen availability. (MOF EP1121.01). B.C. Ministry of Forests and Range, Research Branch, Victoria, B.C. Extension Note No. 76.

Worthington, N.P., F.R. Johnson, G.R. Staebler, and W.S. Lloyd. 1960. Normal yield tables for red alder. USFS PNW For. Range Exp. Stn., Portland, OR. Research Paper 36.


Books and Manuals

Briggs, D.G., D.S. DeBell, and W.A. Atkinson (eds). 1978. Utilization and management of alder. USFS. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-70.

Clutter, J.L., J.C. Fortson, L.V. Piennar, G.H. Brister, and R.L. Bailey. 1983. Timber management: a quantitative approach. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. 333pps.

Comeau, P.G., G.J. Harper, M.E. Blanche, and J.O. Beateng (eds.). Ecology and Management of B.C. Hardwoods. Workshop Proc. Dec 1-2, 1993. B.C. Ministry of Forests. FRDA Rep. Richmond B.C.

Deal, R.L., and C.A. Harrington (eds). 2006. Red Alder: A State of Knowledge. USFS. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-669.

Heebner, C.F., and M.J. Bergener (eds). 1983. Red Alder: a Bibliography with Abstracts. USFS. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-161.

Peterson, E.B., N.M. Peterson, P.G. Comeau, and K.D. Thomas (eds). 1999. Bigleaf Maple Managers' Handbook for British Columbia. Miscellaneous Report 090.

Peterson, E.B., N.M. Peterson, S.W. Simard, and J.R. Wang (eds). 1997. Paper Birch Managers' Handbook for British Columbia. FRDA Report 271.

Peterson, E.B. (ed). 1996. Black Cottonwood and Balsam Poplar Managers' Handbook for British Columbia. FRDA Report 250.

Peterson, E.B., Ahrens, G.R., and Peterson, N.M. (eds). 1996. Red Alder Managers' Handbook for British Columbia. FRDA Report 240.

Peterson, E.B., and N.M Peterson. (eds). 1995. Aspen Managers' Handbook for British Columbia. FRDA Report 230.

Smith, D.M., B.C. Larson, M.J. Kelty, and P.M.S. Ashton. 1997. The practice of silviculture: applied forest ecology. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. 537 pps.

Trappe, J.M., J.F. Franklin, R.F. Tarrant, and G.H. Hansen (eds). 1968. Biology of alder. USFS PNW For. Range Exp. Stn. Portland, OR. pps 73-84.

Vesely, D., and G. Tucker. 2004. A landowner’s guide to restoring and managing Oregon white oak habitats. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Salem District. Pacific Wildlife Research, Corvallis, OR.

Wenger, K.E. 1984. Forestry Handbook. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons. New York.


Miscellaneous Publications

Fact Sheet #22: After decades of Douglas-fir plantations, is it time for forest landowners to consider planting alder and cedar?: This fact sheet offers some reasons to consider a transition in the Pacific Northwest from replanting with Douglas-fir to alder and cedar.

An Assessment of the PNW Hardwood Lumber Industry (1999)

Washington Tree Seed Transfer Zones

Source of Native Forest Nursery Seedlings-Published annually by the Oregon Department of Forestry (ODF), this cataloge helps forest landowners locate siutable tree stock in OR and WA.

A Hardwood Resource Assessment for Western Washington-This project was a result of a joint agreement between the Washington Hardwoods Commission (WHC) and the Washington Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) to provide an assessment of Western Washington's hardwood inventory.


Online Publications Search Links

British Columbia Ministry of Forests-This site lists publications and products specific to the BC Ministry of Forests.

Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory Publications

Pacific Northwest Research Station Publications-This site lists publications and products specific to the USFS Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Treesearch - Online system for locating and delivering nationwide publications by the USDA Forest Service.

USFS Information on Hardwood Management in the PNW

Washington State University Extension Forestry- Forestry Resources- Websites, publications, videos and other forestry resources.